About Kim Eung-won (1855-1921)
Known for his ink orchid paintings, Kim Eung-won (Soho) is believed to have assisted Prince Yi Ha-ung (1820 - 1898), the famed orchid and rock literati painter. As regent (1864 - 1873) for his young son, King Gojong (1864 - 1907), Prince Yi was also the most powerful political figure of the late-nineteenth century. Kim played an important role in Korean art during the first quarter of the 20th century. He worked closely with other famous painters such as Jo Seok-jin and An Jung-sik, and taught orchid painting at the Academy of Painting and Calligraphy (Seohwa Misulhoe Gangseopso), the school established immediately after Japan's 1910 annexation of Korea to ensure the preservation of the Korean painting tradition. Kim was also one of the founding members of the Association for Painters and Calligraphers (Seohwa Heophoe) established in 1918. Although Kim was influenced by Prince Yi Ha-eung, he also experimented with more daring compositions, and fluid and free brush techniques. Kim Eung-won's works are found in the National Museum of Korea, Kan Song Museum in Seoul, Ho-Am Art Museum in Yong In, Harvard University's Arthur M. Sackler Museum and the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco.