Lonely Saint (Dok Sung or Naban jonja Do)
Anonymous, Late 19th - Early 20th century.
Mounted 29 3/4 x 43 in (75.6 x 109.2 cm)
painting alone: 24.25 x 37.5 in
The 'Naban Jonja,' as inscribed, is a Korean deity, whose representations can almost always be found in Korean Buddhist temples. Naban Jonja is also often referred to Dokseong or Lonely Saint, as Nabanjonja means a saint who reached a full enlightenment without any help or presence of others. Dokseong is also often regarded as a Korean Shamanistic Deity, while some traces his origin to one of the most foremost Buddhist saints, Pindola Bharadvaja, a mythical figure widely held by Northeast Asian Buddhists to be one of the sixteen original and primary disciplines of Sakyamuni Buddha.
Naban Jonja painting were placed and worshipped in a separate temple shrines within Buddhist temple complex, such as Dokseong (Lonely Saint) shrine or Samsung (Three Stars) Shrine.